Just 16 nations participated in the first Winter Olympics in Chamonix in 1924, and all but the U.S. and Canada were European. To this day, nations from Northern and Western Europe consistently bring home the most medals.

Western Europe
Northern Europe
Eastern & Southern Europe

The only two nations from North America to win Olympic medals are the U.S. and Canada, with the U.S. being second only to Norway in the total number of medals ever won in the Winter Olympics. Mexico has sent athletes to a number of Winter Olympic Games, but has never won a medal.

North America

Following World War II, Japan and Germany were both banned from the 1948 Winter Olympics for their role in the war. Japan was the only Asian nation to earn any medals until the early 1990s.

Eastern & Central Asia
Australia & New Zealand
Graphic: Sam Hart/NBC
Data: International Olympic Committee